The Social Science Nuggets: NATURAL RESOURCES OF INDIA

 India is rich in natural resources, with a diverse range of minerals, forests, water resources, and biodiversity. Some of the key natural resources of India are:

1. Minerals: India is one of the world's leading producers of minerals such as coal, iron ore, bauxite, and gold. The country also has significant reserves of minerals such as zinc, copper, and manganese.

2. Forests: India has a large forest cover, with around 22% of the country's land area covered by forests. These forests provide a range of ecosystem services, including carbon sequestration, water regulation, and biodiversity conservation.

3. Water resources: India has a large number of rivers, lakes, and groundwater resources, which are critical for agriculture, industry, and domestic use. However, the country also faces significant challenges related to water scarcity and pollution.

4. Biodiversity: India is one of the world's 17 mega-diverse countries, with a rich diversity of flora and fauna. The country is home to around 7-8% of the world's plant and animal species.

5. Renewable energy: India has significant potential for renewable energy, including solar, wind, and hydropower. The country has set ambitious targets for renewable energy generation, with a goal of achieving 175 GW by 2022.

The natural resources of India are critical for the country's economic development and social well-being. However, there are also significant challenges related to sustainable management and conservation of these resources. The government has implemented various initiatives aimed at promoting sustainable resource use and conservation, including forest conservation programs, water resource management, and renewable energy development.

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